The Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide To Tuning The Instrument

The Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide To Tuning The Instrument


The guitar is the lifeblood for any guitarist, so you can imagine the horror on a performer’s face when the instrument is out of tune during a gig. Knowing how to tune your guitar is vital to ensuring you always sound your best. To help you out, we have put together a guide on how to tune your guitar.

Basics for tuning a guitar

Every guitar has six strings that each correspond to a string note. In ascending order, they are E, A, D, G, B and e respectively. The first string is the high E, and the sixth string is the low E string.

Each note has a corresponding pitch when played open, without holding down any of the frets. Without proper tuning, they can sound flat (too low) or sharp (too high).

Tuning your guitar with a chromatic or pitch tuner

We recommend using a tuner as it is the simplest method to find the right pitch for your guitar. There are various tuners available in the market, so it is up to the individual to find one that suits them.

Chromatic tuners “detect” the note you’re playing, and it will display the pitch that the string is currently tuned to. From the display, you can tell if the note is flat or sharp and adjust accordingly.

Pitch tuners will play the pitch for each string, and you need to match the note by ear. This will be more of a test for your audio skill so we would recommend a chromatic tuner for beginners. Once you get more comfortable tuning a guitar, you can try out the pitch tuner.

Tuning your guitar without a pitch turner

If you cannot acquire a pitch tuner, fret not as there is an alternative method available to you.

Here is a step-by-step breakdown to tuning a guitar without a pitch tuner:

1. Begin by tuning the sixth string to a low E.
2. Pluck the tuned low E string with the fifth fret held down to locate the correct tone for the A string.
3. Adjust the tuning peg accordingly until the A string emanates the same tone as the low E string as played at the fifth fret.
4. Pluck the tuned A string on the fifth fret to locate the correct tone for the D string.
5. Adjust the tuning peg accordingly until the D string emanates the same tone as the A string as played at the fifth fret.
6. Pluck the tuned D string on the fifth fret to locate the correct tone for the G String.
7. Adjust the tuning peg accordingly until the G string emanates the same tone as the D string as played at the fifth fret.
8. Pluck the tuned G string on the fourth fret to locate the correct tone for the B string.
9. Adjust the tuning peg accordingly until the B string emanates the same tone as the G string as played at the fourth fret.
10. Pluck the tuned B string on the fifth fret to locate the correct tone for the high E string.
11. Adjust the tuning peg accordingly until the high E string emanates the same tone as the B string as played at the fifth fret.

Voilà! Your guitar is now correctly tuned. This is more advanced than tuning a guitar with a pitch tuner, but with practice, you will soon get the hang of this.

If you are confused about the above jargons, we offer the best beginner guitar lessons at Studio72 where our experienced and qualified instructors can guide you on a guitar’s basics. If you want to learn with others and bond over music, register for our group guitar lessons now!



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